Publication Date: 11/1/2012
The U.S. Manufacturing Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Analysis documents the energy pathway, from supply through demand, for several of the most energy intensive manufacturing sectors as well as the entire manufacturing sector.
This report was completed by Energetics for Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The report will be referenced by public- and private-sector industry stakeholders in identifying how effectively energy is used in U.S. manufacturing, from supply to end-use application, and what energy losses and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions occur along this path.
Fifteen manufacturing sectors are evaluated in this analysis and ranked by energy use, loss, and GHG emissions. Detailed energy and GHG combustion emission profiles are provided for the five largest energy-consuming manufacturing sectors—chemicals, forest products, petroleum refining, food and beverage, and iron and steel—as well as for U.S. manufacturing as a whole. The report builds off the previously released Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprints, graphical summaries that provide a visual representation of the flow of energy (in the form of fuel, electricity, and steam) to major manufacturing end uses. Comprehensive peer review took place in the development of this report; two industry working groups were formed to review and contribute to key assumptions.
The report provides new insights that, at a macro level, will help stakeholders develop strategies and prioritize opportunities to save energy. Like the Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprints, analysts and decision-makers will utilize this analysis to better understand the distribution of energy use in several of the most energy-intensive industries and to compare the use, loss, and carbon emission characteristics within and across these sectors.
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